When many Americans hear the word "Tet," they immediately reGọi learning about the 1968 Tet Offensive sầu during the Vietphái mạnh War. But what is Tet all about?
Considered the first day of spring & most important of national holidays in Vietnam giới, Tet is the annual Vietnamese New Year celebration, coinciding with the Lunar New Year celebrated throughout the world in January or February.
Technically, "Tet" is a shortened (thank goodness!) form of Tết Nguim Đán, a way khổng lồ say "Lunar New Year" in Vietnamese.
Although Tet can be a very exciting time to lớn travel in Vietnam giới, it's also the busiest time of the year khổng lồ be there. Millions of people will be moving throughout the country, returning lớn their home villages khổng lồ nói qua reunions with friends and family. The Tet holiday will certainly affect your experience in Vietphái nam.
Tired of reading? Listen lớn our below Podcast made by our BEEPODS team to learn more about the biggest and most important festival in Vietnam
Table of content
What is Vietnam giới Tet?
First of all, you can check the below đoạn Clip about Vietnamese New Year lớn have sầu the general idea of its meanings và traditions
Tet Nguyen Dan or Tet is the most important và popular holidays & festivals in Vietnam giới. It is the Vietnamese New Year marking the arrival of spring based on the Lunar calendar, a lunisolar calendar. The name Tet Nguyen Dan is Sino-Vietnamese for Feast of the very First Morning.
Tet takes place from the first day of the first month of the Lunar calendar (around late January or early February) until at least the third day. Many Vietnamese prepare for Tet by cooking special holiday foods và cleaning their house. There are a lot of customs practiced during Tet such as visiting a person’s house on the first day of the new year (xông nhà), ancestral worship, wishing New Year’s greetings, giving lucky money to lớn children và elderly people & opening a shop.
Tet is also an occasion for pilgrims và family reunions. During Tet, Vietnamese visits their relatives and temples, forgetting the troubles of the past year and hoping for a better upcoming year. They consider Tet to lớn be the first day of spring và the festival is often called Hội xuân (spring festival).
Like other Asian countries, Vietnamese believe sầu that the color of red & yellow will bring good fortune, which may explain why these colors can be seen everywhere in Lunar New Year. People consider what they bởi vì on the dawn of Tet will determine their fate for the whole year, hence people always smile and behave sầu as nice as they can in the hope for a better year.
Vietnamese New Year Traditions
Tet is seen as a chance for a fresh start. Debts are settled, & old grievances are forgiven. Houses are cleaned of clutter and decorated with symbolic flowers. Plants get pruned, & drawers are cleared out. All preparations are meant to set the stage for attracting as much luck và good fortune as possible in the upcoming year.
Superstition permeates the air: Whatever happens on the first day of the new year is thought to phối the pace for the rest of the year. Sweeping and cutting (including hair và fingernails) are taboo during Tet as no one wants lớn unknowingly remove incoming good luck!
Although Vietnamese New Year is observed for 15 days, Tet is typically celebrated for three days with some traditions observed for up lớn a week. The first day of Tet is usually spent with immediate family, the second day is for visiting friends, & the third day is dedicated to lớn teachers và visiting temples.
One of the most important traditions observed during Tet is the emphasis put on who is the first to lớn enter a house in the new year. The first person brings the luông xã (good or bad) for the year! Special people (who are considered successful) dear khổng lồ the family are sometimes invited và given the honor to lớn be the first lớn enter. If no one is invited, the homeowner leaves and returns a few minutes after midnight just to ensure they are the first lớn enter the house for the new year.
Because the primary aim is to lớn attract good fortune for the new year, Tet and Chinese New Year nội dung a lot of similar traditions.
Vietnamese people usually return lớn their families during Tet. Some return lớn worship at the family altar or visit the graves of their ancestors in their homel&. Although Tet is a national holiday ahy vọng all Vietnamese, each region và religion has its own customs.
In general, Tet can be divided inlớn three periods, known as Tất Niên (Before New Year’s Eve), Giao Thừa (New Year’s Eve), and Tân Niên (the New Year), representing the preparation before Tet, the eve of Tet, và the days of và following Tet, respectively. All of these customs are lớn celebrate Tet in Vietnam.
The general processfollows the 9 steps as below(all dates quoted in lunar calendar):
Before New Year's EveÔng Công, Ông Táo Day (Kitchen God day) - December 23rdWrapping Chung cake - December 26-28th
New Year's EveFamily reunion & Tất niên - December 30thGiao vượt - New Year's Eve: including praying sessions khổng lồ God và Ancestors, Xông đất (First visit lớn a family in the new year)
The New YearFirst three days of the new year: visit paternal side on the first day, maternal side on the second day and teachers on the third dayVisit relatives, friends and neighbours: can take place from January 3rd - 5thHóa quà - burn the offerings near Tet's kết thúc for ancestors: January 4thReopen business: usually owners piông chồng a good date that matches their ageTết Ngulặng Tiêu: January 15th
We will see more detail below in this article.
This period begins one or two weeks before the actual celebration. The general atmosphere leading up lớn Tet is in the bustle of shopping, decorating the trang chính, cooking traditional Tet food & waiting for relatives khổng lồ return home. People try lớn pay off their debts in advance so that they can be debt-không tính tiền on Tet. Parents buy new clothes for their children so that the children can wear them when Tet arrives.
In the days leading up to lớn Tet, the streets & markets are full of people. As the shops will be closed during Tet, everyone is busy buying food, clothes, và decorations for their house.
Vietnamese families usually have a family altar, khổng lồ pay respect khổng lồ their ancestors. Vietnamese families have a tray of five different fruits on their altar called “Ngũ Quả” (five sầu fruits type). During Tet the altar is thoroughly cleaned và new offerings are placed there. Traditionally, the three kitchen guardians for each house (Ông Táo) (Kitchen God) return to lớn heaven on the 23rd day of the twelfth month by lunar calendar to give his annual report on family members khổng lồ the Jade Emperor. Their departure is marked by a modest ceremony where the family offers sacrifices for them khổng lồ use on their journey.
In the days leading up to Tet, each family cooks special holiday foods such as bánh bác bỏ and bánh dầy. Preparations for these foods are quite extensive sầu. Family members often take turns lớn keep watch on the fire overnight, telling each other stories about Tet of past years. One of very popular traditional food in Tet is Mut (candied fruits) which is not served in the meals but a snaông chồng khổng lồ welcome guests visiting house và always kept in beautiful boxes và placed at the table in the living room.
Vietnamese families also buy home page peach blossom trees, kumquat trees, and orange trees. They also buy flowers khổng lồ decorate their homes such as chrysanthemums or orchids. They plant these flowers và put them into lớn beautiful pots in front of or inside the house.
At Tet every house is usually decorated by Ochmãng cầu integerrima (in the central và south Vietnam) or peach flower (in the North). In the north or central, the kumquat tree is a popular decoration for the living room during Tet. Its many fruits symbolize the fertility & fruitfulness that the family hopes for in the coming year.
New Year Flowers
Flowers are very important decorations for Tet. Which flowers are used depends on location in Vietnam giới.
All over Vietnam giới the most popular plant we saw was the kumquat tree. Countless times we saw men carrying kumquat trees on their motorbikes. At times it looked lượt thích the tree was driving the motorxe đạp with just arms và legs sticking out of it.
In southern Vietnam we saw tons of yellow chrysanthemums. Flower markets were erected in fields, in parking lots, và along the road, all of them selling potted chrysanthemums not much smaller than Kara.You can also find the flower markets like this all over the world with Vietnamese communities, only the ones in Vietnamwere just ten times bigger.
Peach blossoms are also very popular. These trees are just starting lớn bloom and people would buy a branch lớn take trang chủ, their pink flowers filling the đô thị streets.
In southern Vietnam giới the Hoa Mai tree is very popular, having bright yellow flowers. The amount of blooms on the tree is linked lớn how fortunate that family will be.
The first day of Tet is reserved for the nuclear family. Children wear their new clothes, give their elders the traditional Tet greetings before receiving the lucky money from them in exchange.
The traditional greetings are “Chúc Mừng Năm Mới” (Happy New Year) và “Cung Chúc Tân Xuân” (gracious wishes of the new spring). People also wish each other prosperity and luông xã. Comtháng wishes for Tết include:Sống thọ trăm tuổi (long life of 100 years): used by children for elders. Traditionally, everyone is one year older on Tet, so children would wish their grandparents health và longevity.An khang thịnh vượng (security, good health, và prosperity)Vạn sự như ý (may myriad things go according lớn your will)Sức khỏe dồi dào (Plenty of health)Cung hỉ phát tài phát lộc (congratulations and be prosperous)Tiền vô như nước (many money flows in lượt thích water): used informally
Since the Vietnamese believe that the very first visitor a family receives in the year determines their fortune for the entire year, a person of good temper, morality and success will be the lucky sign for the host family & be invited first into lớn the house. This special activity is called xông đất or xông nhà, which is one of the most important rituals during Tet. According lớn Vietnamese tradition, if good things come to lớn the family on the first day of the lunar New Year, the entire following year will also be full of blessings.
Sweeping during Tet is a taboo since it symbolizes sweeping the luông xã away. It is also a taboo for anyone who experienced a recent loss of a family member khổng lồ visit anyone else during Tết.
During subsequent days, people visit relatives and friends. Traditionally but not strictly, the second day of Tet is usually reserved for friends, while the third day is for teachers, who comm& respect in Vietnam. Local Buddhist temples are popular spots as people lượt thích to lớn give sầu donations & lớn get their fortunes told during Tet.
How to Say Happy New Year in Vietnamese?
Like Thai và Chinese, Vietnamese is a tonal language, making proper pronunciation a challenge for many English speakers.
Regardless, locals will understvà your attempts through context during Tet. You can wish people a happy new year in Vietnamese by telling them chúc mừng năm mới. Pronounced roughly as it is transliterated, the greeting sounds like: "chuop moong nahm moy."
In Vietnamese language, to lớn celebrate Tết is to lớn ăn uống Tết, literally meaning "eat Tết", showing the importance of food in its celebration. Some of the food is also eaten year-round, while other dishes are only eaten during Tết. Also, some of the food is vegetarian since it is believed to be good luông chồng khổng lồ eat vegetarian on Tết. Some traditional foods on Tết are:
People enjoy traditional games during Tết, including: thai cua cá cọp, cờ tướng, ném nhẹm còn, chọi trâu, and đá gà. They also participate in some competitions presenting their knowledge, strength, và aestheticism, such as the bird competition và ngâm thơ competition.
Fireworks displays have also become a traditional part of a Tết celebration in Vietphái mạnh. During the New Year's Eve sầu, fireworks displays at major cities, such as Hà Nội Thủ Đô, Ho Chi Minch City, & Da Nang, are broadcast through multiple national & local TV channels, accompanied by New Year wishes of the incumbent president.
Gặp nhau cuối năm (Year-end Gathering) is a national favourite comedy show broadcast during the night before the New Year's Eve.
The Tet Offensive (Vietnamese: Sự kiện Tết Mậu Thân 1968), or officially called The General Offensive sầu & Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 (Vietnamese: Tổng Tiến công với Nổi lên Tết Mậu Thân 1968) was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam giới War, launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong (VC) và North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietphái nam (PAVN) against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the United States Armed Forces và their allies.
It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military và civilian comm& và control centers throughout South Vietnam. The name of the offensive sầu comes from the Tết holiday, the Vietnamese New Year, when the first major attacks took place.
Chechồng the below table for the date of Vietnamese Tet until 2067
|Tý (Rat)||25 January 2020||11 February 2032||30 January 2044||15 February 2056|
|Sửu (Buffalo)||12 February 2021||31 January 2033||17 February 2045||4 February 2057|
|Dần (Tiger)||1 February 2022||19 February 2034||6 February 2046||24 January 2058|
|Mèo (Cat)||22 January 2023||8 February 2035||26 January 2047||12 February 2059|
|Thìn (Dragon)||10 February 2024||28 January 2036||14 February 2048||2 February 2060|
|Tỵ (Snake)||29 January 2025||15 February 2037||2 February 2049||21 January 2061|
|Ngọ (Horse)||17 February 2026||4 February 2038||23 January 2050||9 February 2062|
|Mùi (Goat)||6 February 2027||24 January 2039||11 February 2051||29 January 2063|
|Thân (Monkey)||26 January 2028||12 February 2040||1 February 2052||17 February 2064|
|Dậu (Rooster)||13 February 2029||1 February 2041||18 February 2053||5 February 2065|
|Tuất (Dog)||2 February 2030||22 January 2042||8 February 2054||26 January 2066|
|Hợi (Pig)||23 January 2031||10 February 2043||28 January 2055||14 February 2067|
What does the Tet festival in Vietphái mạnh mean for tourists? It is a particularly good time to visit in Vietnam? Should I time my Vietphái nam visit lớn avoid Tet? Many travelers have sầu such doubts in mind. To help you make the decision, here are some facts to lớn know about Vietnam giới during Tet Holiday:Transportation: flights, buses và trains about 1 week before or after Tet Holiday are often booked out well in advance as Vietnamese travel a lot this time (return home/go bachồng for work). Be sure khổng lồ book early. Note: Sonasia Holiday provides private vehicle for customers, so there is no need to worry about short-distance transportation.Accommodation: most hotels remain open, so there is no need to lớn worry about accommodation. However, some hotels may raise the price if you stay during Tet holiday.Sightseeing: some tourist sites remain open during Tet, but many museums, mausoleums, and indoor exhibition place and art houses will be closed at the first 3 days of Tet. The floating markets in the Mekong Delta will be closed.Restaurants: many restaurants will be closed during Tet. Therefore, Tet may not be the best time for culinary tour fans.Shops: many shops will be closed for the first few days of Tet Festival. The good news is - many products will be sold at a very reasonable price because most sellers want lớn start a smooth sales year.Banks: banks will be closed for the holiday.
Overall, Tet is not the best time khổng lồ travel to lớn Vietnam, but will all these factors spoil your Vietnam giới holiday during Tet? Not really. Here are some good parts of Tet for travelers:The country is vibrant và colorful during this time, & you will have a chance khổng lồ learn more about culture of Vietphái nam.Streets are quiet & light in traffic during Tet. Beaches will be less crowded - overall Tet is a great time for those who enjoy the tranquility.Streets are elaborately decorated, & everytoàn thân looks happy. Just enjoy the festive sầu mood!Hotels và travel agents still work during Tet holiday. Some hotels will have special nights or New Year celebration.
If you're planning khổng lồ visit Vietnam giới during Tet holiday, here are some tips.Be sure khổng lồ plan and book your Vietnam giới tour early so that tickets can be guaranteed. Booking two or four months ahead is not a bad idea.Book hotels early. There are three reasons: you can enjoy a relatively low price; avoid the risk of having no room to stay; there are more choices if book early.Since some tourist sites are closed during Tet, it’s wise to plan your itinerary accordingly: visit the museums and such just before or after Tet, & relax or walk around Hanoi Old Quarter or go sunbathing in beaches during Tet.For travelers, dining at hotel restaurants is the option since most restaurants are closed.If you are in need of some currency changed, do this in hotels though the exchange rate might be less than favorable.Try not to lớn bargain because it will be considered lớn bring about bad luông xã for the whole new year. If you have sầu khổng lồ bởi vì, be very politely.
All in all, if you're planning khổng lồ visit Vietnam during or around Tet Holiday, be sure lớn prepare your trip ahead of time!
The Tet Holiday usually falls in mid-January or February. Dry, bright weather is expected across Vietnam giới. Temperatures in the north (Hanoi, Halong Bay) will be relatively cool (avg temp: 17 °C) but higher in central Vietnam giới (Hoi An, Danang, Hue, Nha Trang, etc) và South Vietphái nam (Ho Chi Minc City, Mekong Delta) (avg temp: 25-28 °C).
During the same period, there are some other parts in Asia also celebrate the new year with quite the same meaning & traditions such as Đài Loan Trung Quốc, Korean, Japanese, Mongolian, or Tibetan
Some countries celebrate the new year during March or April depending on the calendar that they follow such as Myanmar, Laos, Đất Nước Thái Lan, or Cambodia.
For further detail you can kiểm tra our article about the New Year’s Traditions in Asia