Why vì you say if I were when you would never say I were? And why is it more correct than if I was in some cases? Keep reading to lớn learn when if I were is appropriate – & how to lớn tell if you’re using it correctly in the conditional or subjunctive sầu moods.
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If I Was vs. If I Were
Many people use if I was and if I were interchangeably lớn describe a hypothetical situation. The confusion occurs because when writing in the past tense, I was is correct while I were is incorrect. However, when writing about non-realistic or hypothetical situations, if I were is the only correct choice.
Even though they look almost identical, if I was & if I were are not interchangeable. The way you use them depends on the mood of your sentence. If I were is appropriate in the subjunctive mood, while if I was is only acceptable in conditional past-tense sentences. Let"s look further into lớn how to lớn use the conditional if I were vs. if I was correctly in a sentence.
When khổng lồ Use If I Was
You can use if I was in past-tense, first-person sentences that describe something the speaker was or has done. The conditional conjunction if indicates that one action in the sentence depends on another. For example:I apologize if I was rude.I’ll let you know if I was accepted inlớn the graduate program.The teacher will increase my grade if I was correct on the first question.I’ll fix the error if I was mistaken.
The phrase if I was always comes before an adjective phrase that further describes the speaker. The word was indicates that the situation is likely và realistic. None of these sentences would be correct with if I were.
When to lớn Use If I Were
If you’re trying to describe a hypothetical or doubtful situation, also known as the subjunctive sầu mood, use if I were. Unlike sentences with if I was, these are cases that are contrary lớn current fact. Some if I were examples include:I bet Henrietta would go out with me if I were taller.I would focus on foreign policy if I were the president.If I were a millionaire, I’d never work again.I’d vote for the senator if I were sure that he wouldn’t raise taxes.If I were more lượt thích my sister, I’d have won that scholarship for sure.
These sentences are in both conditional (one action relies on another) & subjunctive (the if I were clause is contrary to fact). You could follow each statement with “But I’m not.” This is the easiest way to lớn tell whether you are using if I were correctly.
More About Grammatical Moods
Mood in writing isn’t just how the author wants you to lớn feel. A sentence’s mood indicates the writer’s tone và how they want the reader lớn receive sầu the message. There are several different grammatical moods that range from factual statements to commands.Indicative: A straightforward statement. (I am going to the dance.)Imperative: A comm&. (Go to the dance.)Interrogative: A question. (Are you going khổng lồ the dance?)Conditional: A statement in which one action depends on another sự kiện. (I would go to lớn the dance if Brian asked me.
Each of these types of sentence sends a different message khổng lồ the listener or reader. Sometimes punctuation helps khổng lồ phối the mood, as does syntax. But in cases lượt thích the subjunctive sầu or conditional moods, you need to know what verb conjugations & contractions lớn use.
Conditional vs. Subjunctive Moods
It can be hard to lớn tell the conditional mood & subjunctive sầu mood apart. They both describe situations that may or may not happen. But when you use if I were in a sentence, you’re writing in both the conditional & subjunctive moods.
Examples of Sentences in Both Moods
Sentences in the conditional mood include words like would, could, and should. Take a look at this example of a sentence in the conditional mood.
I would buy that oto if I could afford it.
The speaker is saying that one action (buying a car) depends on another action (affording it). The word would indicates that the sentence is in the conditional mood. But if you change if I was to if I were, the sentence becomes subjunctive:
I would buy that car if I were richer.
In this case, the conditional action (buying a car) depends on a wishful situation (being richer). The fact that the second clause is unlikely or hypothetical makes the sentence both subjunctive sầu và conditional.
Here are some more sentences that become both conditional & subjunctive with if I were.Armin would fall in love with me if I were more beautiful.If I were single, I’d still live downtown.I would tell you if I were going to the tiệc nhỏ.If I were trapped on a deserted island, I’d bring matches & bottled water.